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During the process of software development, a developer has to face lots of difficulties and problems. These issues need to be handled with some sort of mechanism to achieve the goal easily. And there’s the software design pattern that comes into the picture as a solution to these problems, basically used by experienced software developers.
There are various kinds of software design patterns available and have been used in the industry. Although, firstly we are going to talk about one of the most used and common design patterns which is the MVC pattern, and we’ll be comparing it with a slightly different pattern used in Django, I.e, the MVT pattern.
What is MVC Architecture?
MVC Architecture is a popular software design pattern or framework. This architecture is applied by various programming languages, and it has been there for a long time in the software industry. It stands for Model View Controller, and it separates an application into three major components. The architecture is based on the concept of separation of concern.
Model The model component is responsible for storing the data. It stores the relation between various data as well. It represents the data that is being transferred between view and controller. So, basically, it manages the data-related stuff. It responds to the requests coming from the views and also to the instructions coming from the controller to make some changes with itself.
View The view component is basically like a presentation layer where end users can easily view the data and information. This is the interface between the user and the application. It is designed in such a way that an end-user can interactively use the application. It includes the UI part that is shown to the user and the user can easily request some service or data through it.
Controller This component is basically responsible for the entire business logic behind an application. It acts as an interface between views and models. It can accept the inputs from views and can respond back. Basically, it handles user interaction. It can control both views and models.
What is MVT Architecture in Django? Similar to MVC Architecture, it also separates an application into 3 different components. These are Model, Views, and Template. This is the software design pattern used by the popular web framework Django.
It stands for Model View Template. Let’s see each component in detail.
Model The Model component in MVT Architecture is almost similar to the Model component in MVC Architecture. It is responsible for handling data and data-related stuff as per the requests from views.
View Unlike the view component in MVC architecture, It is responsible for handling the user interaction. It works as an interface between View and Model. We can relate it to the Controller component of MVC architecture. It can take the user input through the template and can request the Model to provide the particular data from the database. As like Controller, it can control and communicate with both the template and Model.
Template Templates are the component which is actually viewed by the user. It component is responsible for user interaction and experience. A template consists of static parts of the desired HTML output as well as some special syntax describing how dynamic content will be inserted.